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Is Weed Legal in Israel? (February 2024)

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Medical cannabis is legal in Israel. In fact, Israel has been at the forefront of cannabis research and development for medical purposes. The country is progressive in terms of cannabis legalization and has even decriminalized the possession of small amounts. Discussions to fully legalize recreational weed are in the pipeline. 

About Israel

Israel is located in the Middle East, bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest. It also has coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea to the west and the Red Sea to the south. The country shares land borders with several neighboring countries and has access to major bodies of water, which have influenced its geopolitical dynamics and historical significance in the region. 

Israel has gained a reputation as a global hub for technological innovation and entrepreneurship. It has the highest number of startups per capita in the world and is often referred to as the “Startup Nation.” Many groundbreaking technological advancements, particularly in areas like cybersecurity, agriculture, and medical research, have originated from Israel.

Israel holds significant religious and historical importance for several major religions. It is considered a sacred land for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Jerusalem, Israel's capital, is home to religious sites such as the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque, making it a center of pilgrimage and cultural heritage.

Medical Cannabis in Israel

Israel has been at the forefront of medical cannabis research and has a well-established medical cannabis program. Here are some key details about the program:

  1. Legalization and Regulation: Medical cannabis was first legalized in Israel in the early 1990s. The program is regulated by the Israeli Ministry of Health, specifically the Medical Cannabis Unit. The Ministry oversees licensing, cultivation, distribution, and prescription of medical cannabis.
  2. Patient Access: Patients in Israel can access medical cannabis if they have a qualifying medical condition and obtain a prescription from a licensed physician. Conditions commonly treated with medical cannabis include chronic pain, cancer, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Crohn's disease, and PTSD, among others. The decision to prescribe medical cannabis is made on a case-by-case basis by the prescribing physician.
  3. Cultivation and Distribution: Israel allows the cultivation of medical cannabis by licensed producers. These producers must adhere to strict regulations regarding quality control, security measures, and production standards. The Medical Cannabis Unit oversees the licensing and supervision of these producers. Once produced, medical cannabis is distributed to patients through licensed pharmacies and specialized dispensaries.
  4. Research and Innovation: Israel has gained recognition for its extensive research and innovation in medical cannabis. Numerous studies and clinical trials have been conducted to explore the therapeutic potential of cannabis for various medical conditions. Israeli researchers have made significant contributions to the understanding of cannabinoids, their effects on the body, and the development of cannabis-based medications.

Is Cannabis Decriminalized in Israel ?

Yes, possession of small amounts of cannabis is decriminalized in Israel.

Is Recreational Cannabis Legal in Israel?

It's worth noting that while medical cannabis is legal in Israel, recreational cannabis is still illegal. However, in recent years, there have been discussions and proposals to decriminalize or regulate recreational use. 

In January 2021, the Israeli Cabinet approved a bill to legalize recreational cannabis use, which was led by the Minister of Justice at the time. The bill aimed to regulate the use, possession, and cultivation of cannabis for individuals aged 21 and above, and to create a legal market for the sale and distribution of cannabis.

Polls conducted in Israel indicated that a significant portion of the public supported the legalization of recreational cannabis. This public sentiment, along with the recognition of potential economic benefits, has been a contributing factor to the discussions and proposals.

Advocates of legalization highlighted the potential economic benefits, such as job creation, tax revenues, and tourism opportunities. Israel's established expertise in medical cannabis research and innovation was seen as a potential advantage for the country to become a global leader in the recreational cannabis market.

Is Hemp Legal in Israel?

Hemp cultivation in Israel is legal but subject to regulations and licensing. Hemp is classified as a low-THC variety of Cannabis sativa and is primarily grown for industrial purposes, such as fiber production and the extraction of non-psychoactive cannabinoids like CBD.

The Israeli Ministry of Health oversees the regulations pertaining to hemp cultivation and processing. In order to cultivate hemp legally, individuals or entities need to obtain a license from the ministry. The licensing process involves meeting certain criteria, including security measures, quality control standards, and compliance with the permitted THC content limits.

Is CBD Legal in Israel?

Yes, CBD is legal in Israel but subject to various regulations. The Israeli Ministry of Health permits the sale and use of CBD products with specific regulations in place. These regulations include guidelines regarding the permitted THC content, labeling requirements, and the need for licensed pharmacies or specialized dispensaries to sell CBD products.

CBD products in Israel are typically classified as medical products and fall under the oversight of the Ministry of Health. Patients with qualifying medical conditions can obtain CBD products with a prescription from a licensed physician.

It's important to note that while CBD derived from hemp is legal, CBD derived from other cannabis varieties with higher THC content may be subject to different regulations. 

Can I Grow Cannabis in Israel?

The cultivation of cannabis in Israel is permitted for specific purposes and subject to licensing and regulations. Israel has a well-established medical cannabis program, which allows licensed producers to cultivate cannabis for medical and research purposes.

To legally grow cannabis in Israel, individuals or entities must obtain a license from the Israeli Ministry of Health. The licensing process involves meeting strict criteria, including security measures, quality control standards, and compliance with regulations set by the Ministry. Licenses are typically granted to authorized producers and research institutions.

However, it's important to note that the cultivation of cannabis for recreational purposes is illegal in Israel. Growing cannabis without the proper licenses and permits is considered a criminal offense.

Will Israel Legalize Cannabis?

Yes, Israel has been engaging in positive discussions around the full legalization of cannabis. While there were positive indications toward the potential legalization of recreational cannabis in Israel, it is important to note that the legislative process can be complex and subject to change.


Sebastian is a passionate advocate of CBD's therapeutic potential, dedicating himself to exploring its diverse benefits. As a seasoned writer, he eloquently shares his insights and personal experiences with CBD, aiming to educate readers about its transformative power. His life's mission is promoting holistic wellness, with CBD at the heart of his advocacy.

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